How would you like to get 86% of your customers to happily pay more for your products and become loyal customers, with a single change in your company’s operations?

According to the latest stats, 86% of customers are willing to pay more for a better experience. 

Therefore, if you decide to become truly customer-centric, you have a great chance of increasing your customer base with higher-quality customers, who might even become brand advocates in time. 

Will it be easy? Absolutely not.

Is it doable? 100%.

However, you can’t improve what you don’t measure, so let’s jump into a comprehensive and holistic overview of the Triumvirate of customer experience metrics: 

  • The Net Promoter Score (NPS)
  • The Customer Satisfaction Score (CSAT)
  • The Customer Effort Score (CES)

Understanding NPS, CSAT, and CES

The Net Promoter Score

The NPS is used to measure the overall customer loyalty and relationship with your brand.

The NPS is derived from a simple question, sent both pre- and post-delivery of the order: 

“On a scale of 0 to 10, how likely are you to recommend our product/service/company to a friend or colleague?” 

Based on the responses, you’ll categorize customers into three groups: 

  • Promoters (score 9-10)
  • Passives (score 7-8)
  • Detractors (score 0-6) 
Promoters, Passives & Detractors

To calculate the NPS, you’ll want to subtract the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters, resulting in a score that ranges from -100 to +100. 

A higher NPS indicates stronger customer loyalty and advocacy, the viceversa also being true. 

With this metric, you don’t want to stop at the quantitative data alone – instead you want to dig deeper into the qualitative side of things and uncover the truth behind your numbers. 

Why do people love and recommend you? Those are your strong points. 

On the other hand, why do they become detractors? Those are things you need to address ASAP. 

Finally, for Passives, and people on the fence – how can you go the extra mile?

The Customer Satisfaction Score

As opposed to the NPS, where you’re measuring customers’ loyalty against a more general business, with CSAT you want to assess customer satisfaction with a specific interaction, transaction, or experience with the company. 

CSAT surveys typically ask customers to rate their satisfaction based on a specific interaction or experience, often using a scale (e.g., 1 to 5 or 1 to 10). 

The scores are then aggregated and averaged to determine the overall satisfaction level. 

CSAT provides insights into how well a company meets customer expectations and identifies areas for improvement in products or services.

The Customer Effort Score

Finally, the CES is designed to evaluate the ease of customer interaction with your company. 

CES surveys typically ask customers to rate the level of effort required to resolve an issue, complete a transaction, or accomplish a task. 

The scale may range from “Very Easy” to “Very Difficult.” 

CES helps you understand the friction points in the customer journey and identify opportunities to streamline processes and enhance customer experience. 

A lower CES indicates that customers find it easier to interact with the company, leading to higher satisfaction and loyalty.

Why Use NPS, CSAT, and CES?

In theory, your unhappiest customers can teach you the most, and choosing the right metrics is crucial for your business, product, or service to thrive. 

This wisdom comes straight from those who’ve mastered the skill of running a successful business.

But let’s go ahead and look at things with an even deeper lens.

Impact on Revenue and Customer Retention

Naturally, any business person wants to know about revenue – how is this going to affect my profits?

Well, a higher profit comes from two approaches:

  • Spending less money on acquisition/ production
  • Getting more people to buy from you

A true customer centric approach will meet both approaches. 

Happy customers tend to return and bring their friends along – helping you cut down on acquisition costs. These same people are also willing to spend more with you. 

Now, the NPS is strongly correlated with customer loyalty and advocacy. 

Customers who are promoters are more likely to make repeat purchases, refer others to your business, and contribute positively to your brand’s reputation. 

As a result, a high NPS can lead to increased revenue through repeat business and new customer acquisition.

As for the CSAT, this metric reflects customer satisfaction with specific interactions or experiences. 

This means you can address areas of dissatisfaction highlighted by CSAT surveys, then improve customer retention rates. Satisfied customers are more likely to continue patronizing your business, reducing churn and increasing lifetime customer value.

Finally, the ease of customer interaction directly impacts customer satisfaction and retention.

After all, who among us never refrained from buying from a certain brand, because they couldn’t be bothered dealing with the customer service departments? 

In fact, an American Express study found that 33% of customers consider switching companies after a single instance of poor service.

While this stat doesn’t necessarily provide a single, definitive churn rate due to poor customer experience, it emphasizes the significant impact that negative experiences can have on customer loyalty and retention.

Therefore, by reducing customer effort, you can enhance the overall customer experience, leading to higher retention rates and increased revenue

Effortless interactions can also lead to positive word-of-mouth referrals, further driving revenue growth.

Insights into Customer Loyalty and Satisfaction

Besides the obvious impact on revenue, these metrics also provide a clear picture of what people want and expect from you

Evidently, you could always research emerging trends in terms of customers’ expectations, but it’s always best to get these insights right from the horse’s mouth

What’s more, you can also understand your business better through these metrics. 

For example, the NPS helps you understand the strength of your brand and customer relationships over time. 

Tracking changes in NPS allows you to identify CX trends and take proactive measures to maintain or improve customer loyalty.

The CSAT shows areas of strength and weakness in your products, services, or processes. 

Analyzing CSAT data enables you to make targeted improvements to create stronger customer satisfaction and loyalty.

Finally, the CES reveals how easy or difficult it is for customers to interact with your business. 

It identifies pain points in the customer journey that may hurt satisfaction and loyalty. 

From this point, you only need to address these pain points to streamline processes, reduce customer frustration, and increase loyalty and satisfaction levels.

Studying Customer Relationship vs. Customer Transactions

NPS and CSAT focus on measuring customer relationships and overall satisfaction with the brand. 

They provide insights into long-term loyalty, advocacy, and brand perception. These metrics help you understand the emotional connection customers have with your brand and their likelihood to remain loyal over time.

CES, on the other hand, delves into specific customer transactions or interactions with the company. 

It assesses the ease of completing a task or resolving an issue, offering insights into the operational aspects of customer experience

Comparing NPS, CSAT, and CES

By now, you’re wondering whether it’s worth tracking all three metrics, or it might be overkill. Truth be told, tracking one is better than tracking none. 

However, each of these metrics serves a distinct purpose in evaluating different aspects of the customer experience.

The NPS goes beyond simple satisfaction ratings, capturing the likelihood of recommendations. This metric is particularly valuable for measuring long-term customer loyalty and brand perception

However, its broad scope means that it may not always pinpoint specific issues within the customer experience.

On the other hand, the CSAT provides insights into the quality of individual touchpoints, helping you find immediate areas for improvement in customer service or product features. 

CSAT scores offer actionable insights for frontline staff and operational teams, but they may not always accurately reflect overall customer loyalty or predict future behavior.

Meanwhile, the CES helps you spot friction points in the customer journey and streamlining processes to improve overall customer experience. 

However, its scope may be limited primarily to transactional interactions, potentially overlooking the emotional aspect of customer satisfaction.

Each of these metrics has its own strengths and weaknesses – which is why you should use a combination of them to gain a comprehensive understanding of the customer experience.

Integrating NPS, CSAT, and CES in Your Business Strategy

The first step to integrate these metrics into your business strategy is to align them with your overall objectives. 

Suppose your business objective is to increase customer retention by 20% in the next quarter. 

For this objective, NPS will reveal overall loyalty trends and areas where customers are most satisfied or dissatisfied. CSAT can help pinpoint specific pain points in the customer journey, while CES can reveal where customers encounter friction.

How do these insights align with retention?

Once you answer this question, you understand how to track the metrics. 

Moreover, you want to consider the entire customer journey from discovery to post-purchase support. 

Each touchpoint is a feedback opportunity. 

For example, if you operate a software company, key touchpoints might include the initial product demo, onboarding process, and technical support interactions. 

Implementing NPS, CSAT, and CES surveys at these touchpoints allows you to capture a comprehensive view of the customer experience.

Keep in mind that you should make it easy for customers to provide feedback

After a customer completes a purchase, you could send them an email with a link to a CSAT survey. 

If a customer interacts with your support team, follow up with a CES survey to assess the level of effort required to resolve their issue. 

Use a mix of email, in-app surveys, and website pop-ups to capture feedback across diverse customer interactions.

Once you’ve collected NPS, CSAT, and CES data, analyze it to uncover actionable insights. 

Let’s say you notice a dip in NPS scores following a recent website redesign. 

By digging deeper into CSAT and CES data, you discover that customers find the new interface confusing and encounter difficulties navigating the site. 

With this insight, you can prioritize usability improvements to address customer concerns.

Share NPS, CSAT, and CES results across your organization to foster a culture of customer-centricity. 

Consider holding regular meetings or workshops to discuss customer feedback and brainstorm improvement initiatives. 

Celebrate wins and acknowledge team members who contribute to enhancing the customer experience. 

How to Overcome Common CX Metric Challenges 

Insufficient Customer Response

Evidently, improving the customer experience heavily depends on collecting sufficient consumer data. 

However, a major challenge arises when there’s not enough customer data available or when the data doesn’t accurately represent the customer base, resulting in insights that may fall short and fail to address underlying issues.

To tackle this challenge, it’s important to set up customer response mechanisms across various channels where customer interactions take place, such as web pages, email, text, and social media platforms. 

This multichannel approach requires continuous monitoring to ensure balanced response rates and consistent, high-quality feedback.

No Multichannel Management Strategy

Achieving consistency across channels goes beyond relying solely on standard features within a CRM system.

Strategic omnichannel management requires a well-defined plan with substantial input from IT departments. 

A cohesive, synchronized data model facilitates smooth transitions for customers across multiple channels. 

For example, a customer might compare product prices and availability online before visiting a physical store to try on items, eventually completing the purchase from home. 

Centralized content management supports these interactions.

Handling Qualitative Feedback

Customer feedback isn’t always quantitative; well-designed surveys often seek qualitative insights, capturing respondents’ opinions in their own words. 

While this qualitative data is invaluable, it can pose challenges in processing and integration into CX processes.

Investing in text analytics and customer sentiment analysis provides a solution to interpret the meaning behind qualitative data. 

Advanced software and services can analyze customer comments, extracting relevant sentiments, intensity, and urgency, offering actionable insights across the organization.

Sophisticated sentiment analysis can now spot fluctuations in customer sentiment and also intentions behind their actions, such as future purchase behavior or likelihood of recommending a product. 

These tools also detect shifts in mood, proving beneficial during service desk interactions, making sentiment analysis a worthwhile investment.

Limited In-House Awareness of CX Feedback

Effective CX isn’t only about external communication; internal communication breakdowns can be equally detrimental, even if customer feedback seems strong and consistent. 

CX requires commitment across the entire organization, yet valuable insights often fail to reach those who need them the most.

A robust CX framework closes the feedback loop, ensuring insights reach every employee and department capable of contributing. 

Implementing a notification system drives this feedback loop, disseminating customer communications for CX analytics and corresponding notifications beyond the executive level as feedback analytics are processed.

Organizational Silos

Breaking down organizational silos holds significant importance, particularly concerning CX. Silos not only hinder communication but also distort the organization’s perception of the customer.

Consolidating all enterprise customer data into a centralized repository, such as a customer data platform (CDP), is vital. 

Unlike CRM systems focused on managing touchpoints, a CDP tracks and analyzes customer behavior, providing all applications and departments with a unified view of the customer. 

This consolidation fosters continuity in customer relationships and provides a more accurate foundation for journey mapping.

Beyond NPS, CSAT, and CES: Other Emerging Metrics

While truly revealing, the metrics in this article shouldn’t be your sole reason for being this business year. 

One other emerging metric is Customer Churn Rate, which measures the percentage of customers who discontinue using a company’s products or services over a specific period. 

Unlike traditional metrics, which focus on satisfaction or loyalty, churn rate reflects the effectiveness of customer retention strategies and highlights areas where improvements are needed.

Similarly, Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) has gained prominence as a metric that predicts the total revenue a customer is expected to generate over the entire duration of their relationship with a company. 

Unlike NPS or CSAT, which gauge customer sentiment at a specific point in time, CLV offers insights into the long-term value of individual customers and helps businesses prioritize their efforts to maximize customer lifetime value.

We must also mention the First Contact Resolution (FCR) metric – also used for assessing the effectiveness of customer service operations. 

FCR measures the percentage of customer inquiries or issues resolved during the initial contact with customer service. 

Keep in mind that the CES will only measure the ease of customer interactions, while the FCR evaluates the effectiveness of problem resolution in your business.

Another emerging metric is Social Media Sentiment Analysis, which involves monitoring and analyzing customer sentiment expressed on social media platforms.

Social media sentiment analysis provides real-time insights into customer perceptions and opinions, enabling you to spot emerging trends and address customer concerns promptly.

While NPS, CSAT, and CES remain valuable metrics for measuring customer experience, these other metrics offer additional dimensions and insights that complement traditional approaches.

Future of Customer Experience Metrics

As we look to the future of customer experience metrics, we see the CX environment being reshaped. 

As we speak. 

Concepts such as Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) and Jobs-to-be-Done (JTBD) methodologies are gaining prominence, underscoring the importance of understanding customer needs and behaviors over the entire customer lifecycle. 

This shift signifies a departure from the traditional acquisition-first approach, emphasizing the necessity for companies to embrace genuine customer centricity

Additionally, AI and ML are becoming increasingly pivotal in enhancing customer experience metrics. 

Technologies like Natural Language Processing (NLP) enable businesses to analyze unstructured customer feedback data more effectively, while predictive analytics empower organizations to anticipate customer needs and tailor experiences accordingly. 


Let’s recap. 

Think of NPS as a barometer of customer loyalty and advocacy. 

This metric will tell you how likely your customers are to recommend your website to their friends. 

CSAT, on the other hand, is a magnifying glass focusing on specific interactions. After a customer service call, CSAT can tell you how satisfied the customer was with the resolution. 

CES, meanwhile, evaluates the ease of customer interactions. 

Imagine a customer trying to navigate your website to find product information. CES can tell you how effortless or cumbersome the process was for them.

Basically, these metrics combined provide an overall overview of customer loyalty, a granular assessment of specific areas inside the business, and, finally, a specific measurement of your operations efficiency. 

So, if you want to convince those +80% customers to stick around for longer (and spend more), start by tracking these metrics – then acting on the insights.

Good luck!